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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends strict adherence to Standard Precautions, correct and appropriate use of personal protective equipment PPE, appropriate handling of medical devices and laundry, and Contact Precautions should be used if the facility has decided that MRSA is of special clinical or epidemiological significance. The result of the test is called minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), which is the measure of the minimum amount of antimicrobial agent that inhibits bacterial growth in a test tube.Staph bacteria are classified as VISA if the MIC for vancomycin is 4-8µg/ml, and classified as VRSA if the vancomycin MIC is These infections must be reported to the CDC and the state department of health.The organism must have a means to exit the reservoir.In an infected host, the organisms exit through the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, or drainage from a wound.Physicians with hospital privileges will present the training documentation to the hospital in lieu of the Department of Health training during the process of renewal of hospital privileges.
Substantiated lapses may result in charges of professional misconduct against licensed healthcare professionals who were directly involved, who were aware of the violations, or who were responsible for ensuring staff education and compliance.Antibiotic-resistant organisms have become an increasingly serious problem, and some of the more common ones are discussed. Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are resistant to treatment with the carbapenem family of antibiotics (Doripenem, ertapenem, imipenem, and meropenem), the antibiotics that have traditionally been used to treat pathogens that are resistant to broad-spectrum antimicrobials.The CRE is spread through contact with infected surfaces (e.g., hands or contaminated medical equipment), and infections with CRE are particularly dangerous: they can spread rapidly, the mortality rate can exceed 40%, and antibiotics that are effective against multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacilli are still being developed.The purpose of this course is to prepare healthcare professionals to adhere to scientifically accepted principles and practices of infection control, understand modes and mechanisms of transmission, understand the use of engineering and work practice controls, select and use appropriate barrier protections, create and maintain a safe environment, and prevent and manage infectious and communicable diseases.Healthcare professionals have an obligation to adhere to scientifically accepted standards for infection control to prevent disease transmission amongst patients or between patients and healthcare professionals.